A (12) | B (11) | C (6) | D (11) | E (21) | F (9) | G (7) | H (2) | I (8) | K (1) | L (16) | M (5) | N (5) | O (2) | P (11) | Q (1) | R (2) | S (13) | T (1) | V (1) | W (8)
Title Definition
Landscape ecology

The study of the distribution patterns of communities and ecosystmes, the ecological processes that affect those patterns and changes in pattern and process over time. [fn]Source:(EFI 2002)... read more


the temporary use of funds or resources with interest charges levied for their use. [fn]Source: (USAID 2005) from "USAID Biodiversity Primer"[/fn]

Local government

the level of government (rural, city, town, country) that is closest to the average citizen. [fn]Source: (IISD 2005) from IISD website; http://www.iisd.org/sd/glossary.asp (updated: Aug 2005... read more

Low-input agriculture

a system of farming methods that minimize reliance on expensive inorganic fertilizers, pesticides, and other purchased materials by using these "inputs" as efficiently as possible, or by replacing... read more

Managed forest/production forest/productive forest

Forested areas which are treated by using specific silvicultural practices. The stands are treated repeatedly and sometimes in order to achieve multipurpose goals. [fn]Source:(EFI 2002) from... read more


the effective and efficient integration and coordination of resources (natural, financial, human) in order to acheive desired goals, objectives and mandates. The style, tenets, criteria, and... read more

Marginal Land

Land of questionable economic capabilities for a specific purpose, probably at the financial margin, within one unit of profitability.

Multiple Use

A term and concept of long-standing debate. At least three different ideas are involved: (1) different uses of adjacent sub-areas which together form a composite multiple-use area, (2) the... read more

Multiple use

Land and resource management for more than one purpose, such as wood production, wildlife, recreation, forage, aesthetics, water supply, or clean air.(Source: S.Murray) [ALSO: ... read more

National conservation strategies

Plans that highlight country-level environmental priorities and opportunities for sustainable management of natural resources, following the example of the World Conservation Strategy published by... read more

Native species/indigenous species/autochthonous

Species or genotypes which have evolved in the same area, region or biotope and are adapted to the specific predominant ecological conditions at the time of establishment. [fn]Source:(EFI 2002... read more

Natural communities

Assemblages of species that re-occur under similar habitat conditions and environmental regimes. [fn]Source: (TNC 2005) from website; The Nature Conservacy (updated: Aug 2005)[/fn]

Natural forest

A forest which has evolved as a sequence of natural succession but still showing anthropogenic influences. Also, forests that have developed from unmanaged pastures or from fallow land; Natural... read more

Natural resource management (NRM)

is defined as "enhancing natural assets across generations" or “enhancing natural assets across generations for the long term benefit o f humans and their environment.” Natural resources are the... read more

Organic farming

Crop and livestock production systems that do not make use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or herbicides. May also include restrictions on the use of transgenic crops (genetically modi- fied... read more


Grazing livestock to the point of damage to the land.


The characteristic of plants or plant parts that elicit a selective grazing or browsing response by animals. "Palatability" is controlled by the plant factors of chemical composition, proportion... read more


Forests established through the planting or sowing of seed by humans. Plantaion forests have the function to produce special forest products or they have been estahblished for protective purposed... read more

Pastoralism, pastoral system

The use of domestic animals as a primary means for obtaining resources from habitats.


An area devoted to producing forage (introduced or native); grass or other growing plants harvested by grazing and usually enclosed and separated from other areas by a fence or wall.