the practice of growing trees and crops together. Agroforestry systems benefit from the ability of trees to protect soil from erosion and to capture and recycle plant nutrients. 1.A wide variety of land-use systems combining tree, crop and/or animals on the same land.  Two characteristics distinguish agroforestry from other land uses: 1) the action involves the deliberate growing of woody perennial on the same unit of land as agricultural crops and/or animals either spatially or sequentially, and  2) there is significant interaction between woody and non-woody components, either ecological or economical.  To be counted as an agroforestry system, at least 15 percent of the system must be trees or woody perennials grown for a specific function (e.g., shade, fuel, fodder, windbreak). (Source: SMurray)

  • 1. Source: (IISD 2005) from IISD website; (updated: Aug 2005)